Earthquakes happen suddenly, violently and without previous warning. Advance planning and previous identification of possible risks can reduce the risks of injury or loss of life.
During the Eathquake
Inside the building
• Head towards a safe place (doorways, preferably load-bearing walls, room corners, under the tables, beds or other resistant surfaces).
• Stay away from the windows, mirrors, chimneys and other objects that might fall.
• Kneel and protect your head and your eyes with your hands.
• If you are on a building top floor, do not run towards the exit. The stairs might get crowded.
• Never use the elevators.
In the exterior
• Stay away from tall buildings, utility poles and other objects that might fall.
• Head towards an open space.
First minutes after the earthquake
• Stay calm, but be prepared for aftershocks.
• Do not light matches or lighters, because there may be gas leaks.
• If possible, turn off the gas, the water and cut off the electricity.
• Look at the structure and see if it has suffered serious damage. If possible, leave immediately. Never use the elevators.
• Be careful around broken glass or electric cables. Do not touch metallic objects that are in contact with electrical wires.
• In case there are small fires near you, put them out if you can.
• If you are on the street, do not go inside the building.
• If there are people injured and you know how help them, offer your assistance. Do not transport injured people with fractures, unless there is a danger of fire, flood or the collapse of the structure.
• Ask for help.
• Turn on the radio and listen carefully to the instructions that are broadcast.
• Do not use your phone, except in case of extreme urgency (people severely injured, gas leaks or fires).